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Information, a relevant concern of this Special Issue, can be qualitatively defined as a noise-affected portion of an expected physical quantity transmitted from a sender to its receiving counterpart through a sender–receiver interface, also named an intermedium.
There is a substantiated knowledge accumulated about the routes of information transmission called, mostly, information channels. The intermedium can then be viewed as an ensemble of the channels: They can either be noisy or fairly noiseless.
The tercet, comprising the sender–receiver couple, and the intermedium, can be presented both classically and quantum-mechanically. A classic example is crystal growth from solution/melt, viewed as a sender, whereas the crystal surface zone mimics the receiver, and the entire crystal’s interface can be identified with the intermedium.
A quantum-mechanical example can be presented in terms of electrons transported along (carbon) nanotubes of different length and tortuosity, incorporated in a (bio)material’s sample, if operating out of Landauer’s ballistic-transport principia, thus experiencing tunneling conductivity conditions. Transport of quantum particles such as excitons is another valuable example.
The proposed Special Issue calls for papers dealing with physicochemical, condensed-matter systems, or their interdisciplinary analogs, for which really precise and well-defined classical vs. quantum information measures can be inferred, based preferably on the entropy concept.
It is envisaged that certain criteria such as those based on maximum entropy principle or entropy production for open thermodynamical systems will be applied using methods of statistical mechanics and quantum physics. Nonlinear (optoelectronic) complex systems’ peculiarities, different noise sources, and similar perturbative factors, such as distribution of defects and/or barriers to transport, as well as sources of chemical reactions spoiling a system’s directional behavior, are welcome to their incorporation in the Special Issue.
This Special Issue is devoted in part to recognizing the outstanding contribution to statistical thermodynamics and condensed matter physics by Professor Gerard Czajkowski, former institute director and vice rector for research at the UTP University of Science and Technology, Bydgoszcz, Poland.
Prof. Adam Gadomski
Prof. Sylwia Zielińska-Raczyńska
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 15 December 2019